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美国有线新闻 CNN 数万名罗兴亚人逃离缅甸进入孟加拉国

时间:2017-09-13 07:59:17

(单词翻译:单击)

 

Today, that starts in the Southeast Asian country of Myanmar. It's also known as Burma. It shares a border with Bangladesh and that's where tens of thousands of people are trapped as fighting goes on between Myanmar's armed forces and a militant1 group.

Human rights workers in the area say 100,000 Rohingyas, members of a Muslim group in Myanmar, had been forced out of their homes since August 25th.

The Rohingyas are a minority in Myanmar. The country is mostly Buddhist2 and it doesn't allow Rohingyas to become citizens. Myanmar considers them to be Bangladeshi and wants them in neighboring Bangladesh. Bangladesh considers the Rohingyas to be Burmese and wants them in Myanmar.

The border between the two countries is closed, but tens of thousands of Rohingyas have still fled across it while others have been trapped, according to activists3, without food, water, or medicine. Activists and other critics of Myanmar's government say it's used too much force against the Rohingyas and that it's burned villages and murdered Rohingya civilians5. Myanmar says it's done nothing illegal. It blames the recent violence and destruction on Rohingya terrorists, saying the militants6 killed 12 Burmese security officers in a recent attack.

CNN is not able to verify the claims of either the Rohingyas or the Burmese government. Still, a number of international figures are calling for Myanmar to stop all violence against Rohingyas, and some are hoping a Burmese Nobel Peace Prize winner named Aung San Suu Kyi will take action.

SUBTITLE7: Who is Aung San Suu Kyi?

IVAN WATSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Her father was Aung San, a military officer who helped fight for Burma's independence after being a British colony for about a century. He is revered8 here as the founding father of independent Burma, now officially known as Myanmar. He was gunned down by political rivals in 1947 when Aung San Suu Kyi was only 2 years old.

For much of the first 40 years of her life, Aung San Suu Kyi lived overseas. It wasn't until 1988 that she really moved back to Burma. That opened up the launch of her political career.

In 1990, Aung San Suu Kyi led a newly founded party, the National League for Democracy in elections. And by all accounts, her party won.

But then the military rulers of this country, they annulled9 the results. They placed Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest for much of the next 20 years. In 2010, Aung San Suu Kyi was released from house arrest. It was part of a transition to a civilian4 system of government.

Aung San Suu Kyi and her party were allowed to compete in by-elections in 2012, and they won dozens of seats in parliament. Among the electoral victories there was Aung San Suu Kyi herself.

Myanmar's most popular politician is constitutionally barred from running for the post of president. In 2008, the same military regime that's held Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest for years drafted a constitution that included a clause that blocks any citizen who has a spouse10 or children holding foreign passports from running for the country's top post. That effectively means Aung San Suu Kyi cannot run for the post of president.


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点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 militant 8DZxh     
adj.激进的,好斗的;n.激进分子,斗士
参考例句:
  • Some militant leaders want to merge with white radicals.一些好斗的领导人要和白人中的激进派联合。
  • He is a militant in the movement.他在那次运动中是个激进人物。
2 Buddhist USLy6     
adj./n.佛教的,佛教徒
参考例句:
  • The old lady fell down in adoration before Buddhist images.那老太太在佛像面前顶礼膜拜。
  • In the eye of the Buddhist,every worldly affair is vain.在佛教徒的眼里,人世上一切事情都是空的。
3 activists 90fd83cc3f53a40df93866d9c91bcca4     
n.(政治活动的)积极分子,活动家( activist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • His research work was attacked by animal rights activists . 他的研究受到了动物权益维护者的抨击。
  • Party activists with lower middle class pedigrees are numerous. 党的激进分子中有很多出身于中产阶级下层。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 civilian uqbzl     
adj.平民的,民用的,民众的
参考例句:
  • There is no reliable information about civilian casualties.关于平民的伤亡还没有确凿的信息。
  • He resigned his commission to take up a civilian job.他辞去军职而从事平民工作。
5 civilians 2a8bdc87d05da507ff4534c9c974b785     
平民,百姓( civilian的名词复数 ); 老百姓
参考例句:
  • the bloody massacre of innocent civilians 对无辜平民的血腥屠杀
  • At least 300 civilians are unaccounted for after the bombing raids. 遭轰炸袭击之后,至少有300名平民下落不明。
6 militants 3fa50c1e4338320d8495907fdc5bdbaf     
激进分子,好斗分子( militant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The militants have been sporadically fighting the government for years. 几年来,反叛分子一直对政府实施零星的战斗。
  • Despite the onslaught, Palestinian militants managed to fire off rockets. 尽管如此,巴勒斯坦的激进分子仍然发射导弹。
7 subtitle asawn     
n.副题(书本中的),说明对白的字幕
参考例句:
  • His new book has a subtitle.他的新书有一个副标题。
  • Ah!I don't know why they don't subtitle these movies.唉!我不知道这些电影为什么不打字幕。
8 revered 1d4a411490949024694bf40d95a0d35f     
v.崇敬,尊崇,敬畏( revere的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • A number of institutions revered and respected in earlier times have become Aunt Sally for the present generation. 一些早年受到尊崇的惯例,现在已经成了这代人嘲弄的对象了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The Chinese revered corn as a gift from heaven. 中国人将谷物奉为上天的恩赐。 来自辞典例句
9 annulled 6487853b1acaba95e5982ede7b1d3227     
v.宣告无效( annul的过去式和过去分词 );取消;使消失;抹去
参考例句:
  • Their marriage was annulled after just six months. 他们的婚姻仅过半年就宣告取消。
  • Many laws made by the former regime have been annulled. 前政权制定的许多法律被宣布无效。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 spouse Ah6yK     
n.配偶(指夫或妻)
参考例句:
  • Her spouse will come to see her on Sunday.她的丈夫星期天要来看她。
  • What is the best way to keep your spouse happy in the marriage?在婚姻中保持配偶幸福的最好方法是什么?

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