英国学生科学读本 第46期: 一杯咖啡(2)
When the coffee-berries1 are ripe, they are either picked or shaken off the tree into cloths spread out below.
咖啡浆果成熟的时候, 就让工人摘下来, 或者从树上摇下来, 落到树下面铺着的布上。
The berries are then dried in the sun until the soft outside pulp2
becomes dry and hard.
This dry huskis removed by rolling the berries in a machine.
The seeds or "coffee-beans" are then sorted into different sizes, and are sent to Great Britain and other countries.
种子, 或者叫“咖啡豆”, 按照大小分好类, 运往大不列颠和其他国家。
Have you ever noticed these words on the bag or tin of coffee which you have bought: "This is sold as a mixture of coffee and chicory"?
你注意到没有, 自己买的咖啡包或者咖啡罐上, 印着这样的字：“以咖啡和菊苣粉的混合物出售”？
Chicory is a brown powder some what like coffee, but it is got from a very different plant.
菊苣粉, 是一种有点像咖啡粉的棕色粉末, 但却来自一种非常不同的植物。
The chicory plant grows in this country.
It has a flower like that of the dandelion, and a thick root.
The root is dried and roasted3
, and is then ground into a brown powder.
把根晒干, 烤熟, 碾成一种棕色的粉末。
Chicory is much cheaper than coffee.
It makes the coffee very dark in colour, and gives it a slightly bitter4
taste, which many people like.
Be sure to add plenty of hot milk to your coffee before you drink it.
The mixture of coffee and milk is a good food, and will nourish5
咖啡和牛奶的混合物, 是一种很好的饮料, 对身体有好处。
Do not drink strong coffee just before going to bed.
If you do, it will keep you awake for some time.
Coffee has been used in our country for more than two hundred years.
The first coffee-house was opened in London, in the year 165Coffee was then very dear, but it can now be bought for one shilling6
最早的咖啡屋是1652年在伦敦开的。那时候咖啡还很贵, 但是现在, 一先令就可以买到一磅了。