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英国学生科学读本 第46期: 一杯咖啡(1)

时间:2017-01-11 08:47:42

(单词翻译:单击)

   Lesson 46 A Cup Of Coffee

  第46课 一杯咖啡
  If you ask a grocer for some coffee, he will give you a dark-brown powder which has a strong, pleasant smell.
  你去杂货商那儿买咖啡, 他会给你一种深棕色的粉末, 散发着强烈的香味。
  From this powder we can make one of the nicest of all drinks—a cup of coffee.
  用这种粉末, 我们就能冲出所有饮料中最美味的饮料之一——咖啡。
  It is made very easily.
  冲咖啡是很容易的。
  Rinse1 out your coffee-pot with boiling water.
  先用开水把咖啡壶洗干净,
  Put into the pot a heaped-up tablespoonful of the coffee, and pour on it one pint2 of boiling water.
  把一茶匙堆得冒尖的咖啡放进壶里, 然后倒上一品脱开水。
  In five minutes the water will have drawn3 out all the strength of the coffee, and then you may pour it off and drink it with milk and sugar.
  过了五分钟, 水就把咖啡粉里的“精华”提取出去了, 然后就可以倒出来, 加上糖和牛奶喝了。
  But how does the grocer get the brown powder which we call coffee?
  但是, 杂货商是怎么拿到那种我们叫做“咖啡”的棕色粉末的呢?
  If you ask him, he will tell you that he buys sacks of hard green or yellow seeds—coffee-beans, as they are called.
  问问他, 他会告诉你, 他买了很多袋绿色或者黄色的硬种子, 名叫“咖啡豆”。
  He roasts these seeds in a pan, till they become dark brown,
  他把咖啡豆放在平底锅里烤, 最后烤成了深棕色,
  and then he grinds them to powder in a little mill, and sells this brown powder to you as "coffee. "
  然后放在小型的磨粉机里磨成粉, 再把这种叫“咖啡”的棕色的粉卖给你。
  Where did the seeds come from?
  咖啡种子是从哪儿来的?
  We must go to hot countries like Arabia or Brazil to see the coffee plant growing.
  我们要到热带地区, 比如阿拉伯地区或者巴西, 才能看到生长的咖啡树。
  It is a small evergreen4 tree, not more than ten or twelve feet high,
  咖啡树是一种小型的常绿乔木, 最多只有10—12英尺高,
  with leaves somewhat like those of the laurel, and pretty white flowers that smell very sweetly.
  叶子有点儿像月桂树的叶子, 长着漂亮的小白花, 白花有浓郁的香气。
  When the flowers drop off, red berries about the size of a cherry come in their place.
  花落了以后, 在原来的地方, 会长出樱桃大小的红色浆果,
  Inside each coffee-berry there are two seeds or "beans, " which grow close together.
  每只咖啡浆果里面, 都有两粒“豆子”长在一起。
  Each bean has a flat side, where the other lies close to it.
  每只豆子都有一边儿是平的, 跟另一只豆子贴在一块儿。

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1 rinse BCozs     
v.用清水漂洗,用清水冲洗
参考例句:
  • Give the cup a rinse.冲洗一下杯子。
  • Don't just rinse the bottles. Wash them out carefully.别只涮涮瓶子,要仔细地洗洗里面。
2 pint 1NNxL     
n.品脱
参考例句:
  • I'll have a pint of beer and a packet of crisps, please.我要一品脱啤酒和一袋炸马铃薯片。
  • In the old days you could get a pint of beer for a shilling.从前,花一先令就可以买到一品脱啤酒。
3 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
4 evergreen mtFz78     
n.常青树;adj.四季常青的
参考例句:
  • Some trees are evergreen;they are called evergreen.有的树是常青的,被叫做常青树。
  • There is a small evergreen shrub on the hillside.山腰上有一小块常绿灌木丛。

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