英国学生科学读本 第46期: 一杯咖啡(1)
Lesson 46 A Cup Of Coffee
If you ask a grocer for some coffee, he will give you a dark-brown powder which has a strong, pleasant smell.
你去杂货商那儿买咖啡, 他会给你一种深棕色的粉末, 散发着强烈的香味。
From this powder we can make one of the nicest of all drinks—a cup of coffee.
It is made very easily.
out your coffee-pot with boiling water.
Put into the pot a heaped-up tablespoonful of the coffee, and pour on it one pint2
of boiling water.
In five minutes the water will have drawn3
out all the strength of the coffee, and then you may pour it off and drink it with milk and sugar.
过了五分钟, 水就把咖啡粉里的“精华”提取出去了, 然后就可以倒出来, 加上糖和牛奶喝了。
But how does the grocer get the brown powder which we call coffee?
If you ask him, he will tell you that he buys sacks of hard green or yellow seeds—coffee-beans, as they are called.
问问他, 他会告诉你, 他买了很多袋绿色或者黄色的硬种子, 名叫“咖啡豆”。
He roasts these seeds in a pan, till they become dark brown,
and then he grinds them to powder in a little mill, and sells this brown powder to you as "coffee. "
Where did the seeds come from?
We must go to hot countries like Arabia or Brazil to see the coffee plant growing.
我们要到热带地区, 比如阿拉伯地区或者巴西, 才能看到生长的咖啡树。
It is a small evergreen4
tree, not more than ten or twelve feet high,
with leaves somewhat like those of the laurel, and pretty white flowers that smell very sweetly.
叶子有点儿像月桂树的叶子, 长着漂亮的小白花, 白花有浓郁的香气。
When the flowers drop off, red berries about the size of a cherry come in their place.
花落了以后, 在原来的地方, 会长出樱桃大小的红色浆果,
Inside each coffee-berry there are two seeds or "beans, " which grow close together.
Each bean has a flat side, where the other lies close to it.